Dr Ana Ramalho is a Portuguese national with policy and legal expertise in the field of Intellectual Property (IP) and European Law. Currently an Assistant Professor of Intellectual Property at Maastricht University, she holds a five-year advanced LL.B. from the University of Lisbon (1999), an LL.M. in Intellectual Property and Competition Law from the Munich Intellectual Property Law Center (2007), a Research Master in Intellectual Property Law from the University of Lisbon (2008), and a PhD in Copyright and European Law from the University of Amsterdam (2014). Throughout her career she has taken on commissioned research and consultancy on a range of international and European IP topics for several private and public institutions, including the World Intellectual Property Organization and the European Patent Office. Ana has published extensively on IP law and policy. Her publications have been distinguished and referenced in court cases by Courts of Appeal in Portugal, and translated into other languages due to their topicality. Her current research interests include the impact of the Court of Justice of the EU on IP law- and policy-making, and problems of IP ownership in the realm of artificial intelligence. At the China-EU School of Law, Ana teaches Intellectual Property Law.